Scientists of the Baku State University will participate in the NA61/SHINE experience at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Switzerland.
CERN`s main function is to provide the particle accelerators and other infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research - as a result, numerous experiments have been constructed at CERN following international collaborations. It is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web.
An experiment NA61/SHINE at CERN is making use of detectors designed for heavy-ion studies to gain a more precise knowledge of neutrino production at accelerators.
Accelerator neutrino beams are currently the object of intense discussion and development. They provide a necessary tool for the detailed study of neutrino oscillations and in particular the observation of potential CP-violating effects that are born from the interference of transitions among the three known species of neutrino. Neutrino interaction cross-sections are tiny, so the challenge in studying their properties has been to produce ever increasing beam intensities. The next challenge in neutrino physics will be to establish precisely the parameters of the oscillations and then compare the oscillations of neutrinos with anti-neutrinos (or the oscillation probability as a function of neutrino energy) to search for CP-violation.
These are then focused in the direction desired for the neutrino beam and they decay – producing neutrinos – in a decay tunnel.