Eid al-Adha is one of the grandiose holidays of Islamic world. Two holidays of Islam eydul-ezha (known as Gurban bayram) and eydul-fitra (Orujlug -the holiday of fasting, a small holiday) are legalized.
This holiday is part of moslem's pilgrimage to Mecca. The holiday of Sacrifice is celebrated in the 10th day of the 12th month-Zilhija of the Moslem calendar (Hijri-Gamari calendar) cutting scarifying animals in the period of pilgrimage to Mecca.
The holiday of Sacrifice is not peculiar only to Islam. The ceremony of sacrifice-giving was the tradition of many peoples of the world much earlier Ilsam. For instance, people of Carthage sacrifices their children to Molokha, their God, to paying their debts. People of the east usually sacrificed their daughters.
The religion of the Excellency prophet Muhammed Islam made a revolution in believes and sacrifice to great Allah. Islam prohibits any king of human sacrifice and says in the name of Allah that an animal should be sacrificed instead of a human. Islam determined the time of sacrifice giving, as before people did it any time they want. To give the holiday more respect it was determined to celebrate it once a year-on the 10th day of Zilhija. Koran says: 'Allah determined Beytulharam(Sacred house) Caaba, the month bahram (Zilhije), tied and untied-neck (with and without signs on their necks) sacrifices brought to Caaba to be a way to put into an order the lives (religious and world affairs) of the people.'(Koran, Sure 5, Aye 97).
It is also possible to bring a sacrifice for the realization of some wish.
Religion, religious ceremonies and holidays were also the objects of criticism in the soviet period.
After Azerbaijan got its independence people again started to respect and follow its religion, national traditions and national and religious holidays.
Gurban Holiday lasts 2 days.
From 2006, if holiday falls on weekend, then the next working day counts as holiday.