Today marks 24 years since the Black January events
when the Soviet army invaded Azerbaijan`s capital, Baku, killing and
injuring hundreds of innocent and defenseless people.
The 20th of January, 1990 entered into the modern history of Azerbaijan
as one of the most tragic days, and at the same time as a heroic page.
The terror act committed by the Soviet empire against innocent people
who took to streets in protest against the biased policy of the empire’s
criminal leadership, overtly supporting Armenia’s territorial claims
against Azerbaijan, will forever remain in the history of mankind as one
of the worst crimes against humanity.
That terrible day elevated the country’s brave sons and daughters, who
died while defending their freedom, honor and dignity, to martyrdom.
Despite it has been 24 years since the Soviet Army’s bloody invasion of
Baku, people in Azerbaijan continue to live with pain of that tragic
night in their hearts, and express their hatred for those who committed
that inhuman deed.
Every year on this day hundreds of thousands of people visit the Alley
of Martyrs in Baku to pay tribute to Azerbaijan`s valiant sons and
The Black January was nothing but a state`s massacre of its people. It
was a vast violation of the constitutions of the former USSR and the
Azerbaijan Soviet Republic. By sending troops against peaceful people
the Soviet Union roughly violated international legal norms, including
the United Nations` Charter and the International Pact on Civil and
Political Rights of 1966.
However, the then authorities of Azerbaijan failed to find courage for
themselves to stand by their people even at such a difficult moment.
Unlike them, Azerbaijan’s great son Heydar Aliyev, who then lived in
Moscow, came to Azerbaijan’s permanent representative office - a day
after the tragedy – and strongly condemned those who committed the
January massacre, thereby once again demonstrating his courage and
bravery and his devotion to his people.
However, that bloody action, incited by Armenians, failed to crush the Azerbaijani people’s will and aspiration to freedom.
The Azerbaijani people gained their independence and freedom for the price of their blood, and they will never give them away.
It is national leader Heydar Aliyev`s returning to power in Azerbaijan,
that made it possible in 1994 to give a legal and political assessment
to the January 20 tragedy and identify the offenders.
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On Monday morning President Ilham Aliyev visited the Alley of Martyrs to commemorate the victims of the bloody tragedy.
The President laid a wreath at the Eternal Flame monument as a military
orchestra of the Defense Ministry played the national anthem of
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Attending the commemoration ceremony were state and government
officials, religious leaders, ambassadors of foreign countries and
representatives of international organizations functioning in Baku.
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Prime Minister Artur Rasizade, speaker of the Milli Majlis Ogtay
Asadov and head of the Presidential Administration Ramiz Mehdiyev were
among the participants of the commemorative ceremony.
President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev has arrived at the Alley of Martyrs to commemorate the victims of the bloody January 1990 tragedy.
The president laid a wreath at the Eternal Flame monument, as the military orchestra of the Defense Ministry played the National Anthem of Azerbaijan.
Attending the commemoration ceremony were also state and government officials, leaders of religious communities, ambassadors of foreign countries and representatives of international organizations functioning in Azerbaijan. /Trend/